Drug: Betaxon

BETAXON™ (levobetaxolol hydrochloride ophthalmic suspension) 0.5% contains levobetaxolol hydrochloride, a cardioselective beta-adrenergic receptor blocking agent, in a sterile resin suspension formulation. Levobetaxolol hydrochloride is a white, crystalline powder with a molecular weight of 343.89. The specific rotation is: [α]25°C/589nm -19.67°(c=20 mg/mL; methanol) The chemical structure is: Empirical Formula: C18H29NO3•HCl Chemical Name: (S)-1-[p-[2-(cyclopropylemethoxy)ethyl]phenoxy]3-(isopropylamino)-2-propanol hydrochloride. Each mL of BETAXON™ (levobetaxolol hydrochloride ophthalmic suspension) 0.5% contains: Active: levobetaxolol HCl 5.6 mg equivalent to 5.0 mg of levobetaxolol free base. Preservative: benzalkonium chloride 0.01%. Inactives: mannitol, poly(styrene-divinyl benzene) sulfonic acid, Carbomer 974P, boric acid, N-lauroylsarcosine, edetate disodium, hydrochloric acid or tromethamine (to adjust pH) and purified water. It has a pH of 5.5 to 7.5 and an osmolality of 260 to 340 mOsm per kg. Last reviewed on RxList: 3/30/2010
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

Clinical Studies Experience Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. Ocular: In clinical trials, the most frequent event associated with the use of BETAXON™ (levobetaxolol hydrochloride ophthalmic suspension) Ophthalmic Suspension 0.5% has been transient ocular discomfort upon instillation (11%). Transient blurred vision has been reported in approximately 2% of patients. Other ocular events have been reported in less than 2% of patients and include: cataracts, and vitreous disorders. Systemic: Systemic reactions following administration of BETAXON™ (levobetaxolol hydrochloride ophthalmic suspension) Ophthalmic Suspension 0.5% and other topical ocular formations of betaxolol have been at an incidence of less than 2%. These include: Cardiovascular: Bradycardia, heart block, hypertension, hypotension, tachycardia, and vascular anomaly. Central Nervous System: Anxiety, dizziness, hypertonia, and vertigo. Digestive: Constipation and dyspepsia. Endocrine: Diabetes and hypothyroidism. Metabolic and Nutritional Disorders: Gout, hypercholesteremia, and hyperlipidemia. Musculoskeletal: Arthritis and tendonitis. Pulmonary: Pulmonary distress characterized by bronchitis, dyspnea, pharyngitis, pneumonia, rhinitis, and sinusitis. Skin and Appendages: Alopecia, dermatitis, and psoriasis. Special Senses: Ear pain, otitis media, taste perversion, and tinnitus. Urogenital: Breast abscess and cystitis. Other: Accidental injury, headache, and infection. In a three-month, multi-center, double-masked, active-controlled trial in pediatric patients, the adverse event profile of BETAXON™ (levobetaxolol hydrochloride ophthalmic suspension) Ophthalmic Suspension was comparable to that seen in adult and elderly patients. Read the Betaxon (levobetaxolol hydrochloride ophthalmic suspension) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effectsLearn More »

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

Recommended Dosing The recommended dose is one drop of BETAXON™ (levobetaxolol hydrochloride ophthalmic suspension) 0.5% in the affected eye(s) twice daily. In some patients, the intraocular pressure lowering responses to BETAXON (levobetaxolol hydrochloride ophthalmic suspension) TM Ophthalmic Suspension may require a few weeks to stabilize. As with any new medication, careful monitoring of patients is advised. The concomitant use of two topical beta-adrenergic agents is not recommended.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

Oral Beta-Adrenergic Receptor Blocking Agents Patients who are receiving a beta-adrenergic blocking agent orally and BETAXON™ (levobetaxolol hydrochloride ophthalmic suspension) Ophthalmic Suspension should be observed for a potential additive effect either on the intraocular pressure or on the known systemic effects of beta blockade. Catecholamine-Depleting Drugs Close observation of the patient is recommended when a beta blocker is administered to patients receiving catecholamine-depleting drugs such as reserpine, because of possible additive effects and the production of hypotension and/or bradycardia. Concomitant Adrenergic Psychotropic Drugs Levobetaxolol is an adrenergic blocking agent; therefore, caution should be exercised in patients using concomitant adrenergic psychotropic drugs.Last reviewed on RxList: 3/30/2010
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

BETAXON™ (levobetaxolol hydrochloride ophthalmic suspension) 0.5% is indicated for lowering intraocular pressure in patients with chronic open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

BETAXON™ (levobetaxolol hydrochloride ophthalmic suspension) Ophthalmic Suspension is contraindicated in patients with sinus bradycardia, greater than a first degree atrioventricular block, cardiogenic shock, or patients with overt cardiac failure. Last reviewed on RxList: 3/30/2010
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

No information provided.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

Dosage Forms And Strengths Bottle filled with 5, 10, and 15 mL of 0.5% sterile ophthalmic suspension. Storage And Handling BETAXON™ (levobetaxolol hydrochloride ophthalmic suspension) 0.5% is supplied as follows: 5, 10 and 15 mL in a clear LDPE plastic ophthalmic DROP-TAINER® dispenser and a yellow polypropylene screw cap. 5 mL: NDC 0065-0239-05
10 mL: NDC 0065-0239-10
15 mL: NDC 0065-0239-15 Storage Store upright at 39°to 77°F (4°to 25°C). Protect from Light. Shake well before using. Alcon Laboratories, Inc., Fort Worth, Texas 76134 USALast reviewed on RxList: 3/30/2010
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

General Topically applied beta-adrenergic blocking agents may be absorbed systemically. The same adverse reactions found with systemic administration of beta-adrenergic blocking agents may occur with topical administration. For example, severe respiratory reactions and cardiac reactions, including death due to bronchospasm in patients with asthma, and rarely death in association with cardiac failure, have been reported with topical application of beta-adrenergic blocking agents. Cardiac Failure BETAXON™ (levobetaxolol hydrochloride ophthalmic suspension) Ophthalmic Suspension has been shown to have a minor effect on heart rate and blood pressure in clinical studies. Caution should be used in treating patients with a history of cardiac failure or heart block. Treatment with BETAXON™ (levobetaxolol hydrochloride ophthalmic suspension) Ophthalmic Suspension should be discontinued at the first signs of cardiac failure. Bronchospasm and Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Caution should be exercised in the treatment of glaucoma patients with excessive restriction of pulmonary function. There have been reports of asthmatic attacks and pulmonary distress during betaxolol treatment. Although rechallenges of some such patients with ophthalmic betaxolol has not adversely affected pulmonary function test results, the possibility of adverse pulmonary effects in patients sensitive to beta-blockers cannot be ruled out. Thyrotoxicosis Beta-adrenergic blocking agents may mask certain clinical signs (e.g., tachycardia) of hyperthyroidism. Patients suspected of developing thyrotoxicosis should be managed carefully to avoid abrupt withdrawal of beta-adrenergic blocking agents, which might precipitate a thyroid storm. Muscle Weakness Beta-adrenergic blockade has been reported to potentiate muscle weakness consistent with certain myasthenic symptoms (e.g., diplopia, ptosis and generalized weakness). Surgical Anesthesia Consideration should be given to the gradual withdrawal of beta-adrenergic blocking agents prior to general anesthesia because of the reduced ability of the heart to respond to beta-adrenergically mediated sympathetic reflex stimuli. Diabetes Mellitus Beta-adrenergic blocking agents should be administered with caution in patients subject to spontaneous hypoglycemia or to diabetic patients (especially those with labile diabetes) who are receiving insulin or oral hypoglycemic agents. Beta-adrenergic receptor blocking agents may mask the signs and symptoms of acute hypoglycemia. Atopy/Anaphylaxis While taking beta-blockers, patients with a history of atopy or a history of severe anaphylactic reaction to a variety of allergens may be more reactive to repeated accidental, diagnostic, or therapeutic challenge with such allergens. Such patients may be unresponsive to the usual doses of epinephrine used to treat anaphylactic reactions. Angle-Closure Glaucoma In patients with angle-closure glaucoma, the immediate treatment objective is to reopen the angle by constriction of the pupil with a miotic agent. Racemic betaxolol has little or no effect on the pupil. It is expected that levobetaxolol will also have little or no effect on the pupil. When BETAXON™ (levobetaxolol hydrochloride ophthalmic suspension) Ophthalmic Suspension is used to reduce elevated intraocular pressure in angle-closure glaucoma, it should be used with a miotic and not alone. Nonclinical Toxicology Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility In lifetime studies in mice at oral doses of 6, 20 and 60 mg/kg/day and in rats at oral doses of 3, 12 and 48 mg/kg/day, betaxolol HCl demonstrated no carcinogenic effect. Levobetaxolol was not mutagenic in the Ames assay, chromosomal aberration, mouse lymphoma, and cell transformation assays in vitro. Levobetaxolol demonstrated potential mutagenicity in the sister chromatid exchange assay in Chinese Hamster Ovarian cell in vitro in the presence of metabolic activation systems. Use In Specific Populations Pregnancy Pregnancy Category C Reproduction, teratology, and peri- and postnatal studies have been conducted with orally administered betaxolol HCl and levobetaxolol HCl in rats and rabbits. There was evidence of drug related postimplantation loss in rabbits with levobetaxolol HCl at 12 mg/kg/day and sternebrae malformations at 4 mg/kg/day. No other adverse effects on reproduction were noted at subtoxic dose levels. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. BETAXON™ (levobetaxolol hydrochloride ophthalmic suspension) Ophthalmic Suspension should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. Nursing Mothers It is not known whether BETAXON™ (levobetaxolol hydrochloride ophthalmic suspension) Ophthalmic Suspension is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when BETAXON™ (levobetaxolol hydrochloride ophthalmic suspension) Ophthalmic Suspension is administered to nursing women. Pediatric Use The safety and IOP-lowering effects of BETAXON™ (levobetaxolol hydrochloride ophthalmic suspension) Ophthalmic Suspension have been demonstrated in pediatric patients in a three-month controlled trial. Geriatric Use No overall differences in safety or effectiveness have been observed between elderly and other adult patients. Last reviewed on RxList: 3/30/2010
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

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