Drug: Auryxia

Auryxia (ferric citrate) is known chemically as iron (+3), x (1, 2, 3-propanetricarboxylic acid, 2-hydroxy-), y (H2O) Auryxia 210 mg ferric iron tablets, equivalent to 1g ferric citrate, are film-coated, peach-colored, and oval-shaped tablets embossed with “KX52”. The inactive ingredients are pregelatinized starch and calcium stearate. In addition, the film-coating contains the following inactive ingredients; hypromellose, titanium dioxide, triacetin, and FD&C Yellow #6/Sunset Yellow FCF Aluminum Lake, FD&C Red #40/Allura Red AC Aluminum Lake, and FD&C Blue #2/Indigo Carmine Aluminum Lake. Last reviewed on RxList: 12/3/2014
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

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Clinical Trials Experience Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to adverse reaction rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice. Adverse reactions to a drug are most readily ascertained by comparison with placebo, but there is little placebo-controlled experience with Auryxia, so this section describes adverse events with Auryxia, some of which may be disease-related, rather than treatment-related. A total of 289 patients were treated with Auryxia and 149 patients were treated with active control (sevelamer carbonate and/or calcium acetate) during the 52-week, randomized, open-label, active control phase of a trial in patients on dialysis. A total of 322 patients were treated with Auryxia for up to 28 days in three short-term trials. Across these trials, 557 unique patients were treated with Auryxia; dosage regimens in these trials ranged from 210 mg to 2,520 mg of ferric iron per day, equivalent to 1 to 12 tablets of Auryxia. In these trials, adverse events reported for Auryxia were similar to those reported for the active control group. Adverse events reported in more than 5% of patients treated with Auryxia in these trials included diarrhea (21%), nausea (11%), constipation (8%), vomiting (7%), and cough (6%). During the 52-week, active-control period, 60 patients (21%) on Auryxia discontinued study drug because of an adverse event, as compared to 21 patients (14%) in the active control arm. Patients who were previously intolerant to any of the active control treatments (calcium acetate and sevelamer carbonate) were not eligible to enroll in the study. Gastrointestinal adverse reactions were the most common reason for discontinuing Auryxia (14%). Auryxia is associated with discolored feces (dark stools) related to the iron content, but this staining is not clinically relevant and does not affect laboratory tests for occult bleeding, which detect heme rather than non-heme iron in the stool. Read the Auryxia (ferric citrate tablets) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effectsLearn More »

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Dosing And Dose Adjustment The recommended starting dose is 2 tablets orally 3 times per day with meals. Serum phosphorus levels should be monitored and the dose of Auryxia titrated in decrements or increments of 1 to 2 tablets per day as needed to maintain serum phosphorus at target levels, up to a maximum dose of 12 tablets daily. Dose can be titrated at 1-week or longer intervals. In a clinical trial conducted in the United States, patients required an average of 8 to 9 tablets a day to control serum phosphorus levels.

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Table 1: Oral drugs that can be administered concomitantly with Auryxia
Amlodipine   Aspirin   Atorvastatin   Calcitriol   Clopidogrel   Digoxin   Doxercalciferol   Enalapril   Fluvastatin   Levofloxacin   Metoprolol   Pravastatin   Propranolol   Sitagliptin   Warfarin   Oral drugs that have to be separated from Auryxia and meals   Dosing Recommendations Doxycycline Take at least 1 hour before Auryxia Oral Medications Not Listed In Table 1 There are no empirical data on avoiding drug interactions between Auryxia and most concomitant oral drugs. For oral medications where a reduction in the bioavailability of that medication would have a clinically significant effect on its safety or efficacy, consider separation of the timing of the administration of the two drugs. The duration of separation depends upon the absorption characteristics of the medication concomitantly administered, such as the time to reach peak systemic levels and whether the drug is an immediate release or an extended release product. Consider monitoring clinical responses or blood levels of concomitant medications that have a narrow therapeutic range. Last reviewed on RxList: 12/3/2014
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

Auryxia (ferric citrate) is a phosphate binder indicated for the control of serum phosphorus levels in patients with chronic kidney disease on dialysis.

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Auryxia is contraindicated in patients with iron overload syndromes (e.g., hemochromatosis) [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]. Last reviewed on RxList: 12/3/2014
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

No data are available regarding overdose of Auryxia in patients. In patients with chronic kidney disease on dialysis, the maximum dose studied was 2,520 mg ferric iron (12 tablets of Auryxia) per day. Iron absorption from Auryxia may lead to excessive elevations in iron stores, especially when concomitant IV iron is used [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]. In clinical trials, one case of elevated iron in the liver as confirmed by biopsy was reported in a patient administered IV iron and Auryxia. Because accidental overdose of iron-containing products is a leading cause of fatal poisoning in children under 6 years of age, this product must be kept out of the reach of children. In case of accidental overdose, a doctor or poison control center should be contacted immediately [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

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Dosage Forms And Strengths Tablet: Auryxia 210 mg ferric iron, equivalent to 1 g ferric citrate, film-coated, peach-colored, and oval-shaped tablet embossed with “KX52”. Tablets: Auryxia 210 mg ferric iron tablets equivalent to 1 g of ferric citrate are supplied as 200 tablets in 400-cc high-density polyethylene bottles. The 210 mg ferric iron tablets are film-coated, peach-colored, and oval-shaped tablets embossed with “KX52.” 1 Bottle of 200-count 210 mg ferric iron tablets (NDC 59922-631-01) Storage And Handling Storage Store at 20 to 25°C (68 to 77°F): excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59°F to 86°F) [See USP controlled room temperature]. Protect from moisture. Manufactured for and Distributed by: Keryx Biopharmaceuticals, Inc., 750 Lexington Avenue, 20th Floor. New York, NY 10022. Issued 11/2014. Last reviewed on RxList: 12/3/2014
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

Iron Overload Iron absorption from Auryxia may lead to excessive elevations in iron stores. Increases in serum ferritin and transferrin saturation (TSAT) levels were observed in clinical trials. In a 56-week safety and efficacy trial in which concomitant use of Auryxia and IV iron was permitted, 55 (19%) of patients treated with Auryxia had a ferritin level > 1500 ng/mL as compared with 13 (9%) of patients treated with active control. Assess iron parameters (e.g., serum ferritin and TSAT) prior to initiating Auryxia and monitor iron parameters while on therapy [see CONTRAINDICATIONS, OVERDOSAGE and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY]. Patients receiving IV iron may require a reduction in dose or discontinuation of IV iron therapy. Accidental Overdose of Iron Accidental overdose of iron-containing products is a leading cause of fatal poisoning in children under 6 years of age. Keep this product out of the reach of children. In case of accidental overdose, call a doctor or poison control center immediately. Patients With Gastrointestinal Bleeding Or Inflammation Patients with inflammatory bowel disease or active, symptomatic gastrointestinal bleeding were excluded from clinical trials. Safety has not been established in these populations. Nonclinical Toxicology Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, And Impairment Of Fertility Data from carcinogenesis studies have shown that ferric citrate is not carcinogenic in mice and rats when administered intramuscularly or subcutaneously. Ferric citrate was neither mutagenic in the bacterial reverse mutation assay (Ames test) nor clastogenic in the chromosomal aberration test in Chinese hamster fibroblasts. Use In Specific Populations Pregnancy Pregnancy Category B There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. It is not known whether Auryxia can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted. The effect of Auryxia on the absorption of vitamins and other nutrients has not been studied in pregnant women. Requirements for vitamins and other nutrients are increased in pregnancy. An overdose of iron in pregnant women may carry a risk for spontaneous abortion, gestational diabetes and fetal malformation [see Nonclinical Toxicology]. Labor And Delivery The effects of Auryxia on labor and delivery are unknown. Nursing Mothers Data from rat studies have shown the transfer of iron into milk by divalent metal transporter-1 (DMT-1) and ferroportin-1 (FPN-1). Hence, there is a possibility of infant exposure when Auryxia is administered to a nursing woman. Pediatric Use The safety and efficacy of Auryxia have not been established in pediatric patients. Geriatric Use Clinical studies of Auryxia included 106 subjects aged 65 years and older (33 subjects aged 75 years and older). Overall, the clinical study experience has not identified any obvious differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients in the tolerability or efficacy of Auryxia. Last reviewed on RxList: 12/3/2014
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

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