Drug: Benztropine Mesylate

Benztropine mesylate is a synthetic compound containing structural features found in atropine and diphenhydramine. It is a crystalline white powder, very soluble in water, designated as 3α-(Diphenylmethoxy)-1αH, 5αH-tropane methanesulfonate, with the following structural formula: Each tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg or 2 mg of benztropine mesylate. Each tablet contains the following inactive ingredients: colloidal silicon dioxide, dibasic calcium phosphate lactose monohydrate, microcrystalline cellulose, starch, talc and other ingredients.Last reviewed on RxList: 6/20/2007
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

The adverse reactions below, most of which are antichlolinergic in nature, have been reported and within each category are listed in order of decreasing severity. Cardiovascular Tachycardia. Digestive Paralytic ileus, constipation, vomiting, nausea, dry mouth. If dry mouth is so severe that there is difficulty in swallowing or speaking, or loss of appetite and weight, reduce dosage, or discontinue the drug temporarily. Slight reduction in dosage may control nausea and still give sufficient relief of symptoms. Vomiting may be controlled by temporary discontinuation, followed by resumption at a lower dosage. Nervous System Toxic psychosis, including confusion, disorientation, memory impairment, visual hallucinations; exacerbation of pre-existing psychotic symptoms; nervousness; depression; listlessness; numbness of fingers. Special Senses Blurred vision, dilated pupils. Urogenital Urinary retention, dysuria. Metabolic/Immune or Skin Occasionally, an allergic reaction, e.g., skin rash, develops. If this can not be controlled by dosage reduction, the medication should be discontinued. Other Heat stroke, hyperthermia, fever. Read the Benztropine Mesylate (benztropine mesylate) Side Effects Center for a complete guide to possible side effectsLearn More »

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Benztropine mesylate tablets should be used when patients are able to take oral medication. The injection is especially useful for psychotic patients with acute dystonic reactions or other reactions that make oral medication difficult or impossible. It is recommended also when a more rapid response is desired than can be obtained with tablets. Because of cumulative action, therapy should be initiated with a low dose which is increased gradually at five or six-day intervals to the smallest amount necessary for optimal relief. Increases should be made in increments of 0.5 mg, to a maximum of 6 mg, or until optimal results are obtained without excessive adverse reactions. Postencephalitic and Idiopathic Parkinsonism - The usual daily dose is 1 to 2 mg, with a range of 0.5 to 6 mg orally or parenterally. As with any agent used in parkinsonism, dosage must be individualized according to age and weight, and the type of parkinsonism being treated. Generally, older patients, and thin patients cannot tolerate large doses. Most patients with postencephalitic parkinsonism need fairly large doses and tolerate them well. Patients with a poor mental outlook are usually poor candidates for therapy. In idiopathic parkinsonism, therapy may be initiated with a single daily dose of 0.5 to 1 mg at bedtime. In some patients, this will be adequate; in others 4 to 6 mg a day may be required. In postencephalitic parkinsonism, therapy may be initiated in most patients with 2 mg a day in one or more doses. In highly sensitive patients, therapy may be initiated with 0.5 mg at bedtime, and increased as necessary. Some patients experience greatest relief by taking the entire dose at bedtime; others react more favorably to divided doses, two to four times a day. Frequently, one dose a day is sufficient, and divided doses may be unnecessary or undesirable. The long duration of action of this drug makes it particularly suitable for bedtime medication when its effects may last throughout the night, enabling patients to turn in bed during the night more easily, and to rise in the morning. When benztropine mesylate is started, do not terminate therapy with other antiparkinsonian agents abruptly. If the other agents are to be reduced or discontinued, it must be done gradually. Many patients obtain greatest relief with combination therapy. Benztropine mesylate may be used concomitantly with Carbidopa-Levodopa, or with levodopa, in which case periodic dosage adjustment may be required in order to maintain optimum response. Drug-Induced Extrapyramidal Disorders - In treating extrapyramidal disorders due to neuroleptic drugs (e.g., phenothiazines), the recommended dosage is 1 to 4 mg once or twice a day orally or parenterally. Dosage must be individualized according to the need of the patient. Some patients require more than recommended; others do not need as much. When extrapyramidal disorders develop soon after initiation of treatment with neuroleptic drugs (e.g., phenothiazines), they are likely to be transient. One to 2 mg of benztropine mesylate tablets two or three times a day usually provides relief within one or two days. After one or two weeks the drug should be withdrawn to determine the continued need for it. If such disorders recur, benztropine mesylate can be reinstituted. Certain drug-induced extrapyramidal disorders that develop slowly may not respond to benztropine mesylate.

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Antipsychotic drugs such as phenothiazines or haloperidol; tricyclic antidepressants (see WARNINGS). Pediatric Use Because of the atropine-like side effects, benztropine mesylate should be used with caution in pediatric patients over three years of age (see CONTRAINDICATIONS). Last reviewed on RxList: 6/20/2007
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

For use as an adjunct in the therapy of all forms of parkinsonism. Useful also in the control of extrapyramidal disorders (except tardive dyskinesia - see PRECAUTIONS) due to neuroleptic drugs (e.g., phenothiazines).

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Hypersensitivity to benztropine mesylate tablets. Because of its atropine-like side effects, this drug is contraindi-cated in pediatric patients under three years of age, and should be used with caution in older pediatric patients. *Duvoisin, R.C.; Katz, R.J.; Amer. Med. Ass. 206:1963-1965, Nov. 25, 1968.Last reviewed on RxList: 6/20/2007
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

Manifestations - May be any of those seen in atropine poisoning or antihistamine overdosage: CNS depression, preceded or followed by stimulation; confusion; nervousness; listlessness; intensification of mental symptoms or toxic psychosis in patients with mental illness being treated with neuroleptic drugs (e.g., phenothiazines); hallucinations (especially visual); dizziness; muscle weakness; ataxia; dry mouth; mydriasis; blurred vision; palpitations; tachycardia; elevated blood pressure; nausea; vomiting; dysuria; numbness of fingers; dysphagia; allergic reactions, e.g., skin rash; headache; hot, dry, flushed skin; delirium; coma; shock; convulsions; respiratory arrest; anhidrosis; hyperthermia; glaucoma; constipation. Treatment - Physostigmine salicylate, 1 to 2 mg, SC or IV, report-edly will reverse symptoms of anticholinergic intoxication.* A second injection may be given after 2 hours if required. Otherwise treatment is symptomatic and supportive. Induce emesis or perform gastric lavage (contraindicated in precomatose convulsive, or psychotic states). Maintain respiration. A short-acting barbiturate may be used for CNS excitement, but with caution to avoid subsequent depression; supportive care for depression (avoid convulsant stimulants such as picrotoxin, pentylenetetrazol, or bemegride); artificial respiration for severe respiratory depression; a local miotic for mydriasis and cycloplegia; ice bags or other cold applications and alcohol sponges for hyperpyrexia, a vasopressor and fluids for circulatory collapse. Darken room for photophobia.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

Benztropine Mesylate Tablets, USP are available as follows: 0.5 mg white, round, bisected, compressed tablets, debossed "Par 164", in bottles of 100 (NDC 49884-164-01), 500 (NDC 49884-164-05), and 1000 (NDC 49884-164-10) tablets. 1 mg white, pumpkin seed shaped, bisected, compressed tablets, debossed "Par 165", in bottles of 100 (NDC 49884-165-01), 500 (NDC 49884-165-05), and 1000 (NDC 49884-165-10) tablets. 2 mg white, round, bisected, compressed tablets, debossed "Par 166", in bottles of 100 (NDC 49884-166-01), 500 (NDC 49884-166-05), and 1000 (NDC 49884-166-10) tablets. Dispense in a well-closed container as defined in the USP. Store below 30°C (86°F). Manufactured by: PAR PHARMACEUTICAL, INC., Spring Valley, NY 10977
Revised: 09/05
FDA rev date: 5/22/2001Last reviewed on RxList: 6/20/2007
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

Included as part of the WARNINGS section. Last reviewed on RxList: 6/20/2007
This monograph has been modified to include the generic and brand name in many instances.

Source: http://www.rxlist.com

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