Disease: Plastic Surgery
(Cosmetic Surgery and Procedures)

    Introduction

    Fighting the effects of aging on the outside; your guide to the risks of cosmetic surgical and non-surgical procedures

    Trying to fight the effects of aging? Below is a basic guide to the risks involved in both surgical and non-surgical cosmetic procedures. For more information on each procedure, click on the highlighted links of the procedure.

    Cosmetic Procedures: Surgical

    Breast Augmentation: Breasts are enlarged by placing an implant behind each breast.

    Risks:
    • implants can rupture, leak, and deflate
    • infection
    • hardening of scar tissue around implant, causing breast firmness, pain, distorted shape, or implant movement
    • bleeding
    • pain
    • nipples may get more or less sensitive
    • numbness near incision blood collection around implant/incision
    • calcium deposits around implant
    • harder to find breast lumps and to see breast changes on a mammogram
    • in rare instances, implants can cause anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) - a rare cancer of the immune system

    Breast Lift - Extra skin is removed from the breast to raise and reshape breast.

    Risks:
    • scarring
    • skin loss
    • infection loss of feeling in nipples or breast
    • nipples put in the wrong place
    • breasts not symmetrical

    Breast Reduction - Fat, tissue, and skin is removed from breast.

    Risks:
    • if nipples and areola are detached, may lose sensation and decreased ability to breastfeed
    • bleeding
    • infection
    • scarring
    • harder to find breast lumps
    • poor shape, size, or position of nipples or breasts

    Eyelid Surgery: Extra fat, skin, and muscle in the upper and/or lower eyelid is removed to correct "droopy" eyelids.

    Risks:
    • blurred or double vision
    • infection
    • bleeding under the skin
    • swelling
    • dry eyes
    • whiteheads
    • can't close eye completely
    • pulling of lower lids
    • blindness

    Facelift: Extra fat is removed, muscles are tightened, and skin is rewrapped around the face and neck to improve sagging facial skin, jowls, and loose neck skin.

    Risks:
    • infection
    • bleeding under skin
    • scarring
    • irregular earlobes
    • nerve damage causing numbness or inability to move your face
    • hair loss
    • skin damage

    Facial Implant: infection feeling of tightness or scarring around implant shifting of implant

    Risks:
    • infection
    • feeling of tightness or scarring around implant
    • shifting of implant

    Forehead Lift: Extra skin and muscles that cause wrinkles are removed, eyebrows are lifted, and forehead skin is tightened.

    Risks:
    • infection
    • scarring
    • bleeding under skin
    • eye dryness or irritation
    • impaired eyelid function
    • loss of feeling in eyelid skin
    • injury to facial nerve causing loss of motion or muscle weakness

    Lip Augmentation: Material is injected or implanted into the lips to create fuller lips and reduce wrinkles around the mouth.

    Risks:
    • infection
    • bleeding
    • lip asymmetry
    • lumping
    • scarring

    Liposuction: Excess fat from a targeted area is removed with a vacuum to shape the body.

    Risks:
    • baggy skin
    • skin may change color and fall off
    • fluid retention
    • toxic shock
    • infection that requires antibiotics or additional surgery
    • burning
    • fat clots in the lungs
    • pain
    • damage to organs if punctured
    • numbness at the surgery site
    • heart problems
    • kidney problems
    • disability
    • death

    Nose Surgery: Nose is reshaped by resculpting the bone and cartilage in the nose.

    Risks:
    • infection
    • bursting blood vessels
    • red spots
    • bleeding under the skin
    • scarring

    Tummy Tuck: Extra fat and skin in the abdomen is removed, and muscles are tightened to flatten tummy.

    Risks:
    • blood clots
    • infection
    • bleeding
    • scarring
    • fluid accumulation under the skin

    Source: http://www.rxlist.com

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